Eat more Vegetables: Eat more locally available and seasonal vegetables. Take them as curry, raita, and in raw form. Include green leafy vegetables regularly in the diet. Vegetables; contain fibre and many vitamins and minerals which are helpful in control of diabetes and to maintain good health.
Eat variety of foods: for better control of blood sugar instead of using only rice include other grains like wheat, jowar, ragi or unpolished; rice in the diet, eating only white rice is not going to help to control Blood sugar.
More of whole Grains: Include whole dals like moong dal and channa dal in everyday diet.
Use less oil: Diabetic person is at higher risk of hear disease, it is advisable o reduce the consumption of oil for cooking. Restricted amount of oil for cooking and not preparing the vegetables in fried forms will help to consume less amount of oil. Traditionally used oils like groundnut and gingelly oil are good for health. Ghee, butter, coconut oil contain different type of fats, (which may increase cholesterol) and should be taken in small quantities.
Use less salt: usually Indian diet is rich in salt, especially when using pickles, papad and adding more salt to food is quite common. Normally people with diabetes may also get Hypertension (B.P) and it is better to restrict the intake of pickles, papad and adding less salt while cooking food.
Use of Eggs/ Non veg: Fish contains special type of oil which helps in blood sugar management, so consumption of fish is encouraged 3-4 times a week. Chicken also contain less fat than meat
Simple sugars: Certain food increase blood sugar and sometime can cause health problems if taken in excess and without proper medical care, especially items like sweets, coffee / tea with more sugar or honey. Some fruits also contain simple sugars in excess, like banana, mango, sapota, seethaphal, jack fruit and it is preferable to take less quantity of these fruits or avoid them. Take fruits but not fruit juices.
Dietary Fibre: Dietary fibre is that part of food which is not digested by the body. Fibre present in vegetables, fruits, legumes and fenugreek seeds are effective in controlling blood sugar and also helps in reducing cholesterol
Alcohol: Diabetic patients should avoid alcohol completely. Alcohol may lower the blood sugar. Remember Alcohol should never be taken with some anti diabetic drugs as it may make the diabetic very ill.