Ramadan is considered as a sacred festival of fasting in Islam. This fest holds much value for the Islamic people. There are many rules, a one should follow while fasting in Ramadan.The guidelines for the same are as follows:
- A one who is sane, healthy and have reached puberty, then he/she can hold the Ramadan fast.
- While travelling or sickness , you If you should not observe the fast.
- Being women , this fast must avoided during menstruating or post-childbirth bleeding. You can compensate later.
- If you are old or sick and cannot fast, you must perform fidiya, that is, feeding a person for each day of missing the fast.
- A pregnant lady or are breastfeeding mother who have fear of weakness during Ramadan have an option not to hold Ramdan. However, after Ramadan ends, they must either fast or pay fidiya for each day of having missed the Ramadan.
These things you can do while fasting :
- You are allowed to rinse your mouth and nose with limited water, such that you do not swallow it. If you do so, it invalidates your fast.
- You can take a shower during your fasting period as you may feel thirsty, dehydrated or heated. However, make sure do not to swallow the water.
- Women can apply kohl (kajal or eyeliner) or men/women can use eye drops or any other thing for the eyes. Many a times, the taste of the liquid poured into your eyes may travel to your throat but that is acceptable.
- If you are sick then you can take injections . There is no evidence stating otherwise in any of the texts.
- One is also allowed to take suppositories, such as enemas or douches, for cleansing, laxative purposes or any other relaxation purposes. Use of such medicines in the private parts is allowed. There is no text that states otherwise.
- if you accidentally swallow your own saliva, dust, or let's say sifted flour, is acceptable. It will not invalidate your fast.
- If one simply tastes a food but does not swallow it and rinses it away, it is acceptable and his fast will still be valid.
- Hug or kiss is allowed but do not indulge in sexual intercourse.
- One must not be in a state of janaba while observing his fast. Janaba refers to the state of ritual impurity due to sexual intercourse or seminal discharge. A bath needs to be taken and a ghusl needs to be performed in order to be able to observe the fast for the day before the fajr, or dawn.